Each stage of the Australian educational system has its own curriculum and objectives. Here are the key phases:
Early Childhood Education: This phase covers childcare and preschool programmes for kids ages 0 to 5. The emphasis is on fostering social and emotional competence through play-based learning.
Grades K–6 are included in this level of education, which is commonly attended by kids between the ages of 5 and 12. Subjects like English, math, science, history, and geography are covered in the curriculum.
Secondary education: Students in grades 7 through 12 who are typically 12 to 18 years old enrol in this stage. Along with core topics like English, arithmetic, physics, history, and geography, the curriculum also offers electives like foreign languages and the arts.
Higher education and vocational education and training (VET) are both included in this stage of education. While higher education includes universities and other tertiary institutions that give undergraduate and postgraduate degrees, VET teaches students practical skills and knowledge.
In Australia, each state and territory has a separate government responsible for setting the curriculum and managing the educational system. In addition to providing financing and establishing national education policies, the Australian government is involved. The Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) also establishes the requirements for qualifications in the educational system and ensures that credentials are accepted and transportable throughout the nation.